Dr. Mikao Usui (1865-1926) developed the Reiki system or energy healing (Usui System of Natural Healing) after an extended period of meditation and fasting while on retreat on Mount Kurama. He was gifted with the healing method that changed his life after 21 days. At that time the Sanskrit symbols that he had been seeking were revealed. He used the term Reiki and named his form of practice the Usui Reiki Ryoho method. There were other forms of Reiki being used prior to his discovery as well; however, he revolutionized the practice by making it accessible to others. Upon his return from retreat, he begin to teach others his method by opening a school in 1922. He shared the method and showed patients the process to heal themselves. Prior to his death in 1926, he trained many healers including Dr. Chujiro Hayashi (1870-1940). Dr Hayashi furthered Dr. Usui's method and it is said that he formalized the hand positions, which are used to this day. He also created a clinic where he and 16 Reiki Masters worked including, Hawayo Takata (1900-1980). Together they founded the first Reiki center outside of Japan. It is said that Hawayo Takata is the founder of Westernized Reiki. She also initiated 22 Reiki masters, who continued to pass on the method.
Reiki has evolved and manifested into many different styles;however, all focus on the use of energy. It is now considered a highly respected modality, which is also used in medical facilities within the Western Medical field.